Preaching Outline Letter to the Hebrews Message Eleven

2. Superior in position . 2:1-8
a. Encouragement – because of His person and because of His position. 2:1
b. Exhortation. 2:2-3

Paul needed to answer the question, if Jesus is superior to the angels, why did He become man? We will continue today to see that the superiority to the angels is established by His Person, by His Position, through the –

c. Exhibition of proof. Hebrews 2:3b,4 “God also bearing them witness..”

Last week we spoke of signs, wonders, miracles, and the Holy Spirit. I want to make sure that we understand that God is still working among us today, just in a different way. He does not give a man these works today. He has given to man His completed Word which is perfect in every way and is all that we need to verify God’s will. When a man hears the Word of God, the Holy Spirit of God begins to use His Word to convince the man of the truth and brings him to a decisions of accepting or rejecting.

We learned of God’s working in His People as a testimony to Himself Thursday night in the Music Seminar by Dr. Ron White. He brought forth the meaning of –
Psalm 40:1-3 To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David. I waited patiently for the LORD; and he inclined unto me, and heard my cry. He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings. And he hath put a new song in my mouth, even praise unto our God: many shall see it, and fear, and shall trust in the LORD.

Paul testified to this very truth in –

2 Corinthians 4:1-7 Therefore seeing we have this ministry, as we have received mercy, we faint not; But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man’s conscience in the sight of God. But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them. For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord; and ourselves your servants for Jesus’ sake. For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ. But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us.
God is still working miracles today!

Today we continue and will look at the –
d. Explanation of the position of angels and man. Hebrews 2:5-8

1). Angels – The Position of Ministers 5:5

Angels do not occupy the earth as their home. Their home is in Heaven in the presence of God. They come to earth on specific missions, but do not dwell here.

Hebrews 1:14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?

Note: The dwelling place of Satan and the angels that have rebelled against God and followed him dwell on earth. They have lost their estate in Heaven.

2). Man – The Position of Management. 5:6-8

a). The purpose of God for man was to be prince of the creation –

Genesis 1:27-28 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

b). The Plight of man is that he sinned against God and gave up his position to the Devil. 2:8 “But now we see not yet all things put under him.”

Satan is at this time the prince and the power of this earth. Yet, Satan’s power has been defeated and a day is coming that it will be destroyed.

Remember when Satan tempted Jesus in the wilderness immediately following the baptism by John –

Matthew 4:8-10 Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them; And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me. Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

This was a real offer as the kingdoms of the earth are under his rule at this time.

The power over the place will be yielded up to the King of Kings and Lord of Lords.
Paul completed his presentation of the superiority of Jesus in His Person and Position over that of the angels by declaring the purpose of God in giving His Son that we might have life. We want to remember today the wonderful name of –
3). Jesus – and His Majesty Refer to –

Philippians 2:6-9 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:

We can rejoice in His Majesty displayed in Heaven as revealed in –

Revelation 5:12-13 Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing. And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.

Now, does man know that God gave him the responsibility and the power to rule over creation and yet man gave up the privilege and the power to accomplish that purpose. Does he understand what he has done? No, most do not. But, God declared this in His Word –

Psalm 8:1-9 To the chief Musician upon Gittith, A Psalm of David. O LORD our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy glory above the heavens. Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger. When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained; What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him? For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour. Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet: All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field; The fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea, and whatsoever passeth through the paths of the seas. O LORD our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth!

We are but creations, unworthy of God’s love, and yet He loves us and became one of us that He might take our sin upon Himself!
Man cannot rule in his own power!
Man cannot manage in his own power!
We do have the will to do so –
We do not have the wisdom to do so –
We do not have the wherewithal to do so –
We cannot save ourselves!
We must have Jesus! Look to Him!

Are you saved? Have you turned to God in faith through His blessed Son Jesus Christ?

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Outline of Background Information for Romans 9:15-18

God is sovereign! There is no doubt, it is a fact. But God’s sovereignty cannot be turned to support the false doctrines of election to condemnation. All are already condemned. Tonight we continue to look at the argument of Paul for the sovereignty of God through referring back to –

3. Moses. Romans 9:15-18

We look back to the previous verse to introduce this section –

Romans 9:14 What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid.

a. Paul referred to God’s dealing with Moses as another explanation of the sovereign dealings of God with His creation. He quoted God’s word to Moses from Exodus 33:19. We need to look to look back to the Book of Exodus to determine the context of understanding of Paul and the readers of this letter –

1). The Commission given to Moses.

Exodus 3:7-10 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows; And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites. Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel is come unto me: and I have also seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel out of Egypt.

2). The Command given to Pharaoh.

a). The reasonable request.

Exodus 3:18-19 And they shall hearken to thy voice: and thou shalt come, thou and the elders of Israel, unto the king of Egypt, and ye shall say unto him, The LORD God of the Hebrews hath met with us: and now let us go, we beseech thee, three days’ journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the LORD our God. And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a mighty hand.

b). The rebellious heart.

Exodus 5:1-2 And afterward Moses and Aaron went in, and told Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Let my people go, that they may hold a feast unto me in the wilderness. And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go.

Exodus 5:9 Let there more work be laid upon the men, that they may labour therein; and let them not regard vain words.

c). The results of disobedience.

Exodus 6:1 Then the LORD said unto Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land.

Exodus 7:3-5 And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt. But Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you, that I may lay my hand upon Egypt, and bring forth mine armies, and my people the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great judgments. And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I stretch forth mine hand upon Egypt, and bring out the children of Israel from among them.

Exodus 8:15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.

3). The Conquest of the Egyptians.
“…saw the great work which the Lord did…”

Exodus 14:30-31 Thus the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore. And Israel saw that great work which the LORD did upon the Egyptians: and the people feared the LORD, and believed the LORD, and his servant Moses.

Exodus 15:13 Thou in thy mercy hast led forth the people which thou hast redeemed: thou hast guided them in thy strength unto thy holy habitation.

4). The Constant presence of God among them.

Exodus 25:8 And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.

5). The Complaining people.

a). They denied the power of God.

Exodus 32:1 And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount, the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.

b). They denied the person of God.

Exodus 32:4 And he received them at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.

6). The Consequences of their sin. “…let me along…” do not intercede.

Exodus 32:7-10 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves: They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. And the LORD said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people: Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.

7). The Cry of Moses. He interceded!

Exodus 32:31-32 And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold. Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin—; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written.

Reminds of Romans 9:1-4 and the heartfelt cry of Paul.

8). The Conditions for peace set forth.

Exodus 32:33-35 And the LORD said unto Moses, Whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book. Therefore now go, lead the people unto the place of which I have spoken unto thee: behold, mine Angel shall go before thee: nevertheless in the day when I visit I will visit their sin upon them. And the LORD plagued the people, because they made the calf, which Aaron made.

a). Personal judgment for rebellion.

Exodus 32:33 And the LORD said unto Moses, Whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book.

b). Presence of God would not be among them.

Exodus 33:3 Unto a land flowing with milk and honey: for I will not go up in the midst of thee; for thou art a stiffnecked people: lest I consume thee in the way.

9). The Covenant of Moses with God. Exodus 33

a). He separated himself unto God.

Exodus 33:7 And Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the congregation. And it came to pass, that every one which sought the LORD went out unto the tabernacle of the congregation, which was without the camp.

(If God would not dwell amongst the people, neither would Moses)

b). He sought the Lord’s presence.

Exodus 33:13-17 Now therefore, I pray thee, if I have found grace in thy sight, shew me now thy way, that I may know thee, that I may find grace in thy sight: and consider that this nation is thy people. And he said, My presence shall go with thee, and I will give thee rest. And he said unto him, If thy presence go not with me, carry us not up hence. For wherein shall it be known here that I and thy people have found grace in thy sight? is it not in that thou goest with us? so shall we be separated, I and thy people, from all the people that are upon the face of the earth. And the LORD said unto Moses, I will do this thing also that thou hast spoken: for thou hast found grace in my sight, and I know thee by name.

c). He sought the Lord’s Person.

Exodus 33:18 And he said, I beseech thee, shew me thy glory.

d). He secured the Lord’s promise.

Exodus 33:19 And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the LORD before thee; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will shew mercy on whom I will shew mercy.

God had chosen Israel to be His nation, a people who would testify to the world of the only true God. While the people may have been called citizens of the nation of Israel, this was not a guarantee of their salvation. The relationship with God is personal, each individual having faith in Him. The people could not make a claim on God because they were Israelites. They must believe in Him, trusting Him for all things.
The Jews in Paul’s day were the same as many of the Jews in Moses’ time. They believed God owed them everything they wanted because of who they were, not whose they were! Paul reminded them that just as in Moses’ time, God was not controlled by man, but is Sovereign in His choice. If a man has his faith in God according to God’s will, God is gracious and merciful to that man. It is God’s choice, not man’s.

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Preaching Outline Letter to the Hebrews Message Ten

Letter to the Hebrews Message Ten
B. Superior to the Angels. 1:4-2:18

Introduction: We are reminded what we have learned from chapter one that Jesus is –
1. Superior in Person. 1:4-14

We have also noted from verses 1 through 3 in chapter 2 that He is –

2. Superior in position . 2:1-8
a. Encouragement – because of His person and because of His position. 2:1
b. Exhortation. 2:2-3

Paul needed to answer the question, if Jesus is superior to the angels, why did He become man? We will continue today to see that the superiority to the angels is established by His Person, by His Position, through the –

c. Exhibition of proof. Hebrews 2:3b,4 “God also bearing them witness..”
through –

1). Personal testimonies. 2:3c “by them that heard him.”
2). Powerful works. 2:4 “God bearing them witness, both with –

a). Signs Refer to Exodus 4:1-8 to point them to the ‘voice’…

Exodus 4:1-8 And Moses answered and said, But, behold, they will not believe me, nor hearken unto my voice: for they will say, The LORD hath not appeared unto thee. And the LORD said unto him, What is that in thine hand? And he said, A rod. And he said, Cast it on the ground. And he cast it on the ground, and it became a serpent; and Moses fled from before it. And the LORD said unto Moses, Put forth thine hand, and take it by the tail. And he put forth his hand, and caught it, and it became a rod in his hand: That they may believe that the LORD God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath appeared unto thee. And the LORD said furthermore unto him, Put now thine hand into thy bosom. And he put his hand into his bosom: and when he took it out, behold, his hand was leprous as snow. And he said, Put thine hand into thy bosom again. And he put his hand into his bosom again; and plucked it out of his bosom, and, behold, it was turned again as his other flesh. And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe thee, neither hearken to the voice of the first sign, that they will believe the voice of the latter sign.

The sign pointed to the Word of God!

Amazing what God can do with an old stick if we will just submit to Him! What is that in your hand today? You might say it is not much, and it may not be much in our hands, but give it to God and see what He will do with it. Little is much…

Paul wrote of Signs –

b). Wonders (a thing that is amazing or astonishing)
c). Diverse miracles (powers)

They are to glorify God, Lift up the Lord Jesus Christ!

An article from the Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics states the purposes of a miracle are –

(1). to glorify the nature of God

John 2:11 This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him.

(2). to accredit certain persons as the spokesmen for God. Note the testimony of the disciples to the Jews –

Acts 2:22 Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:

They were aware of the power of God in Jesus among them. They would now see the power of God in the name of Jesus Christ working through them –

Acts 3:12-16 And when Peter saw it, he answered unto the people, Ye men of Israel, why marvel ye at this? or why look ye so earnestly on us, as though by our own power or holiness we had made this man to walk? The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, hath glorified his Son Jesus;… whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses. And his name through faith in his name hath made this man strong, whom ye see and know: yea, the faith which is by him hath given him this perfect soundness in the presence of you all.

(3). to provide evidence for belief in God

John 3:2 The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him.

John 20:30-31 And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book: But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.

He wrote of the signs, wonders, diverse miracles and the –

d). Gifts of the Holy Spirit. Designed for unity and edification of the body.

1 Corinthians 12:7 But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal.

This work of God among us is to bring glory to God –

Ephesians 3:20-21 Now unto him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that worketh in us, Unto him be glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without end. Amen.

Your life is a testimony of the work of God. Remember Paul’s statement to the church in Corinth –

2 Corinthians 4:3-6 But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them. For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord; and ourselves your servants for Jesus’ sake. For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

The Word of God is preached and the evidence of God’s work through His Word is seen in our lives. Our lives and God’s Word must align or something is wrong in our lives.

Is your life a testimony to God today?

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Preaching outline Romans chapter 9 message Two

Paul’s purpose in this portion of the letter , chapters 9 through 11, is to show that God’s plan has not been altered. He is working according to His sovereign will , as He ever has. The setting aside of Israel and the inclusion of the Gentiles are not new revelations. The Lord has revealed these truths to His people by the prophets and Paul brings their testimony before the people.

In order to find the mindset of Paul we should return briefly to Romans 8:1 and 8:28-39. We want to discover two things about him as he moves from one thought to the next.
The first is his declaration of the saving grace of Jesus Christ. He completes his statement to the glory of God on a high note in exaltation of the Lord and the position of His saints. Now, imagine that he takes a moment to reflect on his position in Christ, and yet the position of those individuals he dearly loves, and the nation he loves in a position of separation from the Lord. They had declared Paul to be their enemy, deserving death –

Acts 9:22-23 But Saul increased the more in strength, and confounded the Jews which dwelt at Damascus, proving that this is very Christ. And after that many days were fulfilled, the Jews took counsel to kill him:

Yet, his love for them was never diminished. He was not their enemy and his desire was that they be saved. This brings us to the second thought that was considered and must be answered –

If God is true and there is no condemnation for those in Christ Jesus; if there is not anything that can separate the believer from the Love of God and this is the position ordained by God for the believer in Christ before the foundation of the world: is God just in His rejection of His elect nation Israel? If God can cast off His nation, He can also cast off His church. This question must be answered! Paul presented the answer in chapters nine through eleven.

I. Paul declared his love for his people. Romans 9:1-5
That the Israelites would believe God and be saved.

A. He Sorrowed for them. Romans 9:1,2

1. His plea. Romans 9:1
2. His passion. Romans 9:2

Because of his Paul’s love for them –

B. He Sought for their good. Romans 9:3

He would give himself, if possible! He could not take their place, as there is only One qualified and the offering had already been made. This being the case, He did the only thing he could do. He gave his life by living for them –

C. He Set forth their advantages. Romans 9:4,5
Israel were God’s chosen people. No one could contest this truth. God had blessed them above all the people of the earth.

1. Israelites. Their heritage in Jacob.
2. The Adoption.
3. Glory. The presence of God among them. Sinai, The Tabernacle, The Temple.
4. The Covenants. Promises (unconditional and conditional) to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, the Nation, David, Jeremiah.
5. The Law. Given at Sinai
6. The Service. Levitical priesthood, the offerings, the service.
7. Promises. The Messiah. The everlasting Kingdom.

The Jews needed to remember God’s Word that judgment is sure but also He will not completely destroy them or cast them out. A promise is left to them –

Isaiah 60:10 And the sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favour have I had mercy on thee.

Individual salvation in the Lord and national salvation to come which still involved individual salvation.

Next –

II. Paul declared the Sovereign God always demanded personal faith.
Romans 9:6-29

A. He showed them the error of their belief. Romans 9:6

He taught them that it is not all about who you are, but Who you know. Who you are may give you and advantage, but it is not the relationship of the flesh that brings salvation. It is only by faith, by belief, by trust in God through the shed blood of the Lord Jesus Christ.

John 1:12-13 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
Man cannot dictate to God how salvation will be accomplished!

The Jews chose their physical heritage to provide righteousness instead of faith in the truth of God –

John 8:38-45 I speak that which I have seen with my Father: and ye do that which ye have seen with your father. They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham’s children, ye would do the works of Abraham. But now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God: this did not Abraham. Ye do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him, We be not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God. Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would love me: for I proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of myself, but he sent me. Why do ye not understand my speech? even because ye cannot hear my word. Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. And because I tell you the truth, ye believe me not.

B. He showed them examples of God’s sovereign will through Scripture. Romans 9:7-18

1. Abraham had many sons, yet not all were chosen by God –
Ishmael, Isaac, Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah.yet only one was chosen by God to receive the promise of the covenant, Isaac.

2. Isaac – Jacob, the younger son of Isaac, was to receive the covenant promise. Esau, the elder, who was the first born and was entitled to lead the family, was to submit to Jacob, the younger, who was chosen by God to receive the blessing.

a. The Birthright explained.

1). Before the giving of the Law, the Patriarchs gave their firstborn sons a double portion of their holdings as well as leadership of the family.

Notice Jacob preparing to bless his sons –

Genesis 49:3 Reuben, thou art my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power:

Jacob did not follow through with his blessing of Reuben because Reuben, as an adult, had proved himself unworthy of the blessing and leadership of the family. Reuben was the firstborn of Jacob’s first wife, Leah. The blessing was actually given to the sons of Joseph, the firstborn of Jacob’s second wife, Rachel. Ephraim and Benjamin received the double portion of Joseph.

2). Blessings according to the Law.

The practice of Jacob was forbidden for future generations.

Deuteronomy 21:15-17 If a man have two wives, one beloved, and another hated, and they have born him children, both the beloved and the hated; and if the firstborn son be hers that was hated: Then it shall be, when he maketh his sons to inherit that which he hath, that he may not make the son of the beloved firstborn before the son of the hated, which is indeed the firstborn: But he shall acknowledge the son of the hated for the firstborn, by giving him a double portion of all that he hath: for he is the beginning of his strength; the right of the firstborn is his.

b. The Birthright examined.

While this was not the normal order of things, God showed His sovereign power in choosing who He would to receive the Covenant blessing. He did not choose based on the abilities of the men as they had not even yet been born. He chose them because He simply wanted to – it was His will. Could Esau have submitted to God? Yes, of course he could have, but he chose to rebel against the will of God. In God’s sovereign will, He always involves choice.

c. The Birthright dilemma.

Two Scriptures are used as proof texts of election to salvation and election to damnation which involve Esau.

Romans 9:13 As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.

As being quoted by Paul from –

Malachi 1:2-3 I have loved you, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, Wherein hast thou loved us? Was not Esau Jacob’s brother? saith the LORD: yet I loved Jacob, And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness.

These two verses are often referenced to the initial choice of God of Jacob over Esau. We must look again at this declaration –
Genesis 25:23 And the LORD said unto her, Two nations are in thy womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one people shall be stronger than the other people; and the elder shall serve the younger.

The is not a declaration of condemnation! It is a command to obedience to the Sovereign rule of God over the current practice of the birthright. God overrules man!

What about the fact that the Word of God states that God hated Esau? Let’s read the following Scriptures –

Genesis 27:38 And Esau said unto his father, Hast thou but one blessing, my father? bless me, even me also, O my father. And Esau lifted up his voice, and wept.

Genesis 35:29 And Isaac gave up the ghost, and died, and was gathered unto his people, being old and full of days: and his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.

Deuteronomy 2:5 Meddle not with them; for I will not give you of their land, no, not so much as a foot breadth; because I have given mount Seir unto Esau for a possession.

Joshua 24:3-4 And I took your father Abraham from the other side of the flood, and led him throughout all the land of Canaan, and multiplied his seed, and gave him Isaac. And I gave unto Isaac Jacob and Esau: and I gave unto Esau mount Seir, to possess it; but Jacob and his children went down into Egypt.

Do any of these words of God permit us to accuse Him of hating Esau? Absolutely not! Do not get us wrong – Esau was a jerk and his heritage was destroyed from off the face of the earth, but not due to a choice made prior to his birth. They were destroyed because of unbelief!

What about the word ‘hate’? The word certainly describes an emotional feeling toward others, but we should look at how the Lord used the word in the context of family –

Luke 14:26 If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple.

While we are to choose the Lord over our families, even over their objections to our faith in God, we do not condemn them to damnation – to eternal separation from God and torment in Hell! Our hope is in their help, the Lord Jesus Christ and that they would be saved. This understanding aids us in our response to those that hate us –

Luke 6:27-36 But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you, Bless them that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you. And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloke forbid not to take thy coat also. Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them not again. And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise. For if ye love them which love you, what thank have ye? for sinners also love those that love them. And if ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have ye? for sinners also do even the same. And if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receive, what thank have ye? for sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as much again. But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the evil. Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful.

God is sovereign! There is no doubt, it is a fact. But God’s sovereignty cannot be turned to support the false doctrines of election to condemnation. All are already condemned.

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A thought on man’s attitude toward God

While considering the wonder of the Majesty of God and His great love in sending His Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, to die for us, I considered that this is how we must view Him if we are to submit to Him and serve Him. Too often we look for a leader that, like Nimrod, will instruct us in building a name for ourselves, Genesis 11:4. Men are seeking for a God to supply but God is looking for men to submit. We see this illustrated clearly in the Gospel of John, chapter six. The account begins with the feeding of the Five Thousand.
John 6:14 Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said, This is of a truth that prophet that should come into the world.
Recognizing Him as a prophet allowed them to remain within the realm of their belief and making Him a king would put Him in the position of feeding them and fighting for them. They would be in a win/win situation to satisfy themselves in the fulness of the flesh.
“…Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed…”
The Lord knew this and diffused the situation by departing for Capernaum. These crowds followed Jesus to Capernaum and again sought Him to care for them.
“…they also took shipping, and came to Capernaum, seeking for Jesus.”
The ranks of the disciples of Jesus had grown and many would have been impressed with this large crowd of followers. Jesus was not impressed though, because He knew their hearts. Everything went to motive – supply or submission.
“…Ye seek me, not because ye saw the miracles, but because ye did eat of the loaves, and were filled.”
“…This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent.”
Jesus offered the people Spiritual Bread but they did not accept His love for them. The day before they had declared that He must be “…that Prophet that should come…”. This day following the journey from the wilderness to the city He had become “Rabbi” and “lord” in their eyes, and upon the requirement of submission He had become “this man”. How quickly men change when their desires for supply are not met and God’s demands for submission are too great.
This “multitude” departed from the Lord, “…From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him.”
– leaving Him with the twelve – “…Then said Jesus unto the twelve, Will ye also go away?”
Are we of those that are seeking self and supply or of those that are submitting and obedient?
Remember the answer to the question from the Lord –
“Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.”
Is He your Lord?

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Preaching outline for Romans chapter Nine Message One

Romans Chapter 9 The Sovereign God Message One

In order to find the mindset of Paul we should return briefly to Romans 8:1 and 8:28-39. We want to discover two things about him as he moves from one thought to the next.
The first is his declaration of the saving grace of Jesus Christ. He completes his statement to the glory of God on a high note in exaltation of the Lord and the position of His saints. Now, imagine that he takes a moment to reflect on his position in Christ, and yet the position of those individuals he dearly loves, and the nation he loves in a position of separation from the Lord. They had declared Paul to be their enemy, deserving death –

Acts 9:22-23 But Saul increased the more in strength, and confounded the Jews which dwelt at Damascus, proving that this is very Christ. And after that many days were fulfilled, the Jews took counsel to kill him:

Yet, his love for them was never diminished. He was not their enemy and his desire was that they be saved. This brings us to the second thought that was considered and must be answered –

If God is true and there is no condemnation for those in Christ Jesus; if there is not anything that can separate the believer from the Love of God and this is the position ordained by God for the believer in Christ before the foundation of the world: is God just in His rejection of His elect nation Israel? If God can cast off His nation, He can also cast off His church. This question must be answered! Paul presented the answer in chapters nine through eleven.

I. Paul revealed his personal desire. Romans 9:1-5 The Israelites to be saved.

A. He Sorrowed for them. Romans 9:1,2

1. His plea. Romans 9:1

He humbled himself before them and presented his plea in the company of two witnesses that knew his heart and mind, The Lord Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit. He promised the readers that he had no other motive than to see them come to the Lord for salvation, he was not lying to them.

2. His passion. Romans 9:2

His passion for the people is full, all encompassing. We might refer to Paul’s words to the believers in Rome –

Romans 1:15 So, as much as in me is, I am ready to preach the gospel to you that are at Rome also.

We note this his passion is full here also: “…great heaviness, and continual sorrow…”

Paul understood their standing before God and the condemnation they were under through their unbelief.

He had given himself wholly to the Lord. His life was only about the Lord. His heart is revealed from his testimony in –

Galatians 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.

His love for his people is reflective of the love of God and the words of Jesus as He wept over Israel –

Luke 13:34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the prophets, and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen doth gather her brood under her wings, and ye would not!

Because of his Paul’s love for them –

B. He Sought for their good. Romans 9:3

He would give himself, if possible! He could not take their place, as there is only One qualified and the offering had already been made. This being the case, He did the only thing he could do. He gave his life by living for them –

Philippians 1:21-24 For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain. But if I live in the flesh, this is the fruit of my labour: yet what I shall choose I wot not. For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better: Nevertheless to abide in the flesh is more needful for you.

Paul’s life was about others having eternal life in the Lord.

C. He Set forth their advantages. Romans 9:4,5
Israel were God’s chosen people. No one could contest this truth. God had blessed them above all the people of the earth.

1. Israelites. Their heritage in Jacob.
2. The Adoption.

Deuteronomy 7:6 For thou art an holy people unto the LORD thy God: the LORD thy God hath chosen thee to be a special people unto himself, above all people that are upon the face of the earth.

3. Glory. The presence of God among them. Sinai, The Tabernacle, The Temple.
4. The Covenants. Promises (unconditional and conditional) to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, the Nation, David, Jeremiah.
5. The Law. Given at Sinai
6. The Service. Levitical priesthood, the offerings, the service.
7. Promises. The Messiah. The everlasting Kingdom.

Notice the completeness of the blessings of God upon His people –

Isaiah 5:1-5 Now will I sing to my wellbeloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My wellbeloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill: And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes. And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard. What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes? And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; and break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down:

The Jews needed to remember God’s Word that judgment is sure but also He will not completely destroy them or cast them out. A promise is left to them –

Isaiah 60:10 And the sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favour have I had mercy on thee.

Individual salvation in the Lord and national salvation to come.

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Preaching Outline Letter to the Hebrews Message Nine

Message Nine
II. Exaltation of Christ 1:4 – 10:18
A. Superior to the prophets. 1:1-3
B. Superior to the Angels. 1:4-2:18
1. Superior in Person. 1:4-14

Jesus is superior in person, His being. We also must recognize that He is superior in His position. Some have the mistaken idea that Jesus of Nazareth became superior at a point in time. There are those that claim that He was a prophet and that He became the Messiah at His baptism or upon the completion of His death on the cross.
We have seen that Jesus is God the Son forever, with no beginning and no ending. Paul presented this truth to help the believers to withstand the false teachers that were coming in among them.
One false teaching we will mention this morning is Cerinthianism. It is a heresy taught by Cerinthus (died approximately A.D. 100) that deals with the person of Jesus. It stated that “the Christ” came upon Jesus at his baptism and left him just prior to his crucifixion. Essentially, Cerinthus taught that the Christ and Jesus are separate beings. He taught that Jesus was born naturally without the Virgin birth. Teachings like this are still being promoted today and we must be aware and be prepared to challenge them with the truth, the Word of God.

The Apostle John also exhorted the believers to stand against false teachers –

1 John 4:2-3 Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God: And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.

God clearly led Paul to declare that Jesus is superior in His Person and then goes on to state the fact that He has always been –

2. Superior in position .

This morning we will look into Hebrews 2:1-3

We are given –

a. Encouragement – because of His person and position to stand strong in the truth. Hebrews 2:1

Christians are to have –

1). Determination – personal decision “…we ought to give…”
2). Diligence. “…more earnest heed…”
3). Disregard. Be warned and be careful. Life is drifting by with many things going unnoticed. Do not “…let them slip…”

We will be held accountable! We will answer for how we live according to the Word of God. We will not be excused by saying “I did not know”.

– We are commanded to “Study to show ourselves approved…”!

God has revealed Himself to us and opened Himself to us to know Him. We are invited, encouraged, even commanded to study, to search, to research Him through His Word. You will NEVER be disappointed by what you find out as you learn of Him!

– We are commanded to “…to observe all things which I have commanded you…”

This encouragement is reinforced with warning. We now come to the –

b. Exhortation. Hebrews 2:2-3

He is speaking to –

1). The Religious people 2:2

The Hebrew believers were familiar with the Scriptures, the history of Israel. They knew exactly what Paul was referring to. The history of Israel was one of –

God’s blessings, man’s rebellion,
God’s judgment, man’s repentance,
God’s mercy, God’s blessings, man’s rebellion……

Paul reminded them of the Word of God coming to them in power by the Angels of God –

Exodus 19:16-19 And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled. And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount. And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice.

And all the people agreed to hear and obey –

Exodus 19:8 And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the LORD.

And yet we see –

2). The Rebellious people. 2:2a The Israelites rebelled against God in –

a). Transgression – sin
b). Disobedience – refusing to hear.

(Golden calves, breaking Sabbath, even Moses’ anger resulting is disobedience)

The Hebrews were warned that because of the sins of Israel, judgment came.

3). The Reproved people. “…received a just recompense of reward…” 2:2a

Paul turned the Hebrews attention from the Israelites living under the Law which was spoken by angels to –

4). The Redeemed People. Living by grace 2:3 “How shall we escape…”

Judgment is sure! We cannot escape the judgment of God in our lives. Know this, it is most important to realize that judgment is not about our eternal life in Him.

Salvation from sin is not about works that we do, simply about belief or unbelief

John 3:16-18 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.

Salvation is settled between you and God –

Romans 10:9-10 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.

Romans 10:13 For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.

We have been studying on Wednesday nights this very issue and it is clear that there is no condemnation to the believer. When we are saved, we are saved forever! It is about our actions or lack of actions that will be judged!

James 4:17 Therefore to him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin.

What is being stated here refers to the truth declared in –

Ephesians 2:8-10 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast. For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.

Because of Who He is (His Person) and because of What He does (His Position), we are to obey Him. Because of who we are (Saved and in Christ) and what we are (children of the Most High God) we are to obey Him.

You might say this morning “What can I do”? If you are saved –
Admit to yourself that God has saved you to spend eternity with Him, but even more than that! He has saved you to do something here and now.
Know that God has a purpose for you.
Change those four words “What can I do”? from negative to positive.
Lord, what do you want me to do?

Everyone can pray!
Everyone can witness! Take a gospel tract and give to someone, then pray.
Everyone can be friendly and helpful.
Everyone can give.
Everyone can serve in some way.

Do not neglect the great salvation that is given by our wonderful Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ!
He is greater in His Person.
He is greater in His Position.
Worship Him.

If you are not saved, come to Him today in faith.

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