Outline of the Book of Job


Why did he suffer?  – the question to be answered.

In order to answer this question we must take note of God’s record of Job’s life.  Today, we will be introduced to Job as part of the setting which is recorded in verses 1-12.

I.  The Setting.  1:1-12

A.  The Introduction.  1:1-5

1.  Job’s testimony.  1:1

a.  Perfect.  What he was.

1).  Perfection defined.  –  Complete, true (not sinless)

a).  It can be known – seen in the lives of God’s people.

Psalms 37:37

  Mark the perfect man, and behold the upright: for the end of that man is peace.

          b).  It should be desired in others.

Song of Solomon 6:9

  My dove, my undefiled

          c).  It should be sought after in self.

Philippians 3:15

  Let us therefore, as many as be perfect, be thus minded: and if in any thing ye be otherwise minded, God shall reveal even this unto you.

Hebrews 5:14

  But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

              When we see it, admire it, want it – what can we do to obtain it? –

2).  Perfection accomplished.  Romans 12:1,2

“Lord, I cannot control this body.   Father, will you please take it and use it for your                  honour and glory?”

Based on what he was, we see what he did –

b.  He was Upright.   Defined as ‘level, straight, right’

“on the level” – “are you being straight with me”?  Job could be trusted!

1).  Uprightness is an attribute of God.

Deuteronomy 32:4

  He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.

        2).  Uprightness comes from knowing and doing God’s will.

1 Samuel 12:23-24

  Moreover as for me, God forbid that I should sin against the LORD in ceasing to pray for you: but I will teach you the good and the right way:  Only fear the LORD, and serve him in truth with all your heart: for consider how great things he hath done for you.

      c.  He Feared God.

1).  He was wise

Psalms 111:10

  The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom: a good understanding have all they that do his commandments: his praise endureth for ever.

        2).  He was protected.  We will see more about this in a bit –

Psalms 34:7

  The angel of the LORD encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth them.

        3).  He was blessed of the Lord.

Psalms 115:13

  He will bless them that fear the LORD, both small and great.

Psalms 118:4

  Let them now that fear the LORD say, that his mercy endureth for ever.

Psalms 145:19

  He will fulfil the desire of them that fear him: he also will hear their cry, and will save them.

     The attribute of fearing God leads directly to the next –

Proverbs 14:16

  A wise man feareth, and departeth from evil: but the fool rageth, and is confident.

      d.  He Eschewed evil.  The word is descriptive of one’s action.  It means to turn from, to               avoid.

1 Peter 3:10-11

  For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile: Let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue it.

Romans 16:17

  Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them.

Job avoided sin, he turned away from it and he was commended by God


What a great testimony! – Perfect, upright, feared God, and eschewed evil. This was a man who loved and trusted God.

2.  Job’s family.  1:2,4,5  We are introduced first to –

a.  His children.  He was blessed –

1).  By their number.

Psalms 127:3-5

  Lo, children are an heritage of the LORD: and the fruit of the womb is his reward. As arrows are in the hand of a mighty man; so are children of the youth. Happy is the man that hath his quiver full of them: they shall not be ashamed, but they shall speak with the enemies in the gate.

        2).  By their love.  Job 1:4  They enjoyed each other’s company and included the                           unmarried sisters even though they could not return the generosity.

3).  By their actions.  Job 1:5

They were not involved in overt sin.  Job is not noted as rebuking them for their                       outward sin, but he did speak to them of these things, “Sent to sanctify them…”  He                  knew that believers could sin and he prayed for their sins of the heart.

Jeremiah 17:9

  The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?

      b.  His wife.

1).  Introduced in Job 2:9  “Then said his wife to him…”

2).  Introduced as his only wife.

a).  Job did not yield to the popular custom of the wealthy in taking more than one                          wife.  It seems that he was not caught up in the “do it because you can” mentality.

b).  In this we see another positive aspect of his character.

Genesis 2:24 “…shall cleave unto his wife and they two shall be one flesh.”

3.  His Prosperity.  Job 1:3

Prosperity was not measured in ownership of land.  We should remember that the only land owned by Abraham was a grave site.  Many of the men of this age and area were nomadic – moving their livestock from pasture to pasture.  Job’s wealth was measured in livestock and in the servants needed to operate his holdings and household.  He may have been involved in both, having herds that moved from place to place but lived in a central location with his children’s houses located in outlying areas.  I say this because he owned five hundred yoke of oxen which infers that he farmed land as well as owned herds of livestock.  It is noted that he was the greatest of all of the men of his land.

God has testified of Job by speaking of his testimony, his family, and his prosperity.

How would we be introduced to Job today?   “I know a very wealthy man that lives over in this area.  He is the richest man in the country.  He has a big family – ten children!  He seems to be very religious.

Note that the order of importance to man is opposite of that of the Lord.  The first thing that the Lord spoke of was that Job lived for the Him.  The other things were incidental to that.  How do we view our own lives.  Are we more concerned with prosperity and family than we are with our testimony for the Lord?

I ask you today – if you were to write your biography, would your testimony be first – the most important thing to you?  If not, there needs to be a change and it should be made today.  Put God first!

B.  The Presentation.  1:6-12

1.  The Appointment. 1:6  Reveals the Lord’s sovereignty.

a.  They came before the Lord.   “…present themselves before the Lord…”

b.  They came at appointed times.  1:6; 2:1

2.  The Assembly.  1:6,7

a.  The sons of God.

1).  Their identification – Angels.  How do we know they were angels?

a).  They were giving account to the Lord for their activity and were not being judged.

b).  Their presence before the Lord.

(1).  No judgment on humanity at the throne of God at this time.

(2).  Deceased mankind was in Paradise or in Hell.


:  we should at this time establish their existence.  Listen to the testimony of the Lord Jesus Christ –

Matthew 18:10

  Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven.

Mark 13:32

  But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father.

        2).  Their abode.

Jude 1:6

  And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.

        3).  Their nature.

a).  They are created beings.  Psalm 148:2-5

Nehemiah 9:6

  Thou, even thou, art LORD alone; thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth thee.

            (1).  They are spirit.

Ephesians 6:12

  For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.

            (2).  They are immortal.

Luke 20:36

  Neither can they die any more: for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection.

            (3).  They do not procreate.

Matthew 22:30

  For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven.

          b).  They are different in their characteristics.  The host of Heaven is made up of –

(1).  Cherubims.  First mentioned in Genesis 3:24.  See Exodus 25:20 and Ezekiel 1

(2).  Seraphim.  Mentioned only in Isaiah 6:1-6

(3).  Angels.  Differences are noted among angels in  –

(a).  Their appearance.    Lot entertained angels who were seen to be normal men.

Hebrews 13:2

  Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.   Also remember the angels at Jesus’ tomb.

              (b).  Their personalities.  Angels seem to have individual personalities.

                [1].  Their positions.  Archangel (Michael) and angels following him.

Colossians 1:16

  For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:

               [2].  Their names.

                 [a].  Lucifer.  Isaiah 14:12

                 [b].  Michael.  Jude 9; Revelation 12

                 [c].  Gabriel     Luke 1:19 “I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God…”

              (c).  Their power.  They have superhuman strength (2 Peter 2:11), but they do not                             have equal strength among themselves.  Daniel 10:11-13

        4).  Their service.  A survey of their ministry unto the Lord.

          a).  They worship the Lord.

          b).  They execute the will of God.

Psalms 103:20

  Bless the LORD, ye his angels, that excel in strength, that do his commandments, hearkening unto the voice of his word.

          c).  They served in the Garden of Eden.

          d).  One smote the firstborn in  Egypt.   Exodus 12:23 “…the destroyer…”

          e).  They protected Elisha the prophet. 2 Kings 6:17

          f).  They destroyed the Assyrian army that besieged Jerusalem.

          g).  They announced the birth of Jesus.

          h).  They ministered to Jesus following the temptation and His anguished prayer.

                 Matthew 4:11; Luke 23:43

          i).  They announced His resurrection.

          j).  They carried Lazurus to Paradise.  Luke 16

          k).  An angel released Peter from Prison.

          l).  They minister to the saints. They instructed Cornelius to contact Peter.

Hebrews 1:14

  Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?

          m).  They are coming with the Lord at His second coming.

2 Thessalonians 1:7-8

  And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels,  In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:

        5).  Their future.

          a).  Holy angels. They will continue in the presence of God and serve Him. Luke 15:10

          b).  Unholy angels.  They will be cast into the Lake of Fire

Matthew 25:41

  Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:

Job 1:6a

“…the Sons of God…”  These are angels standing before God, answering to Him for their actions.  Do you know that you also are accountable to God and must answer Him?

Conclusion: Who will you spend eternity with?  God has given the believer the victory!

1 John 4:4

  Ye are of God, little children, and have overcome them: because greater is he that is in you, than he that is in the world.

      b.  Satan.  1:6b,7

1).  His Creation.  Ezekiel 28:12-17

a).  His person.  Ezekiel 28:12,13    He was –

(1).  Wise.

(2).  Beautiful.  Ezekiel 28:17a

(3).  He exhibits personality.  The traits are seen in his –

(a).  Intellect.  Ephesians 6:11 “…the wiles of the Devil…”

(b).  Emotions.

[1].  Pride – Matthew 4:9  And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if                             thou wilt fall down and worship me.  ‘Undeserved worship’!

[2].  Desire Luke 22:31  And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath                                 desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:

(c).  Will.  2 Timothy 2:26  “…who are taken captive by him at his will.”

(d).  Conversation.  Matthew 4:3-11  The tempting of Jesus in the wilderness.

He is not the personification of evil, he is an evil being!

(4).  Powerful   Michael, did not dispute with him “…the Lord rebuke thee.”

b).  His position.  Ezekiel 28:14

(1).  He was the “annointed cherub”.

(2).  He was positioned at the Throne of God.

Remember that cherubs minister at the throne of God.

2).  His Crime – Pride.  Ezekiel 28:15-17

1 Timothy 3:6  Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the                               condemnation of the devil.

Refer to Proverbs 6:16,17 “…a proud look…”

3).  His Character.     He can be known by his –

a).  Names.

(1).  Satan.    Hebrew: opponent, adversary.  Greek: accuser

(2).  Devil.   Greek: Slanderer, false accuser

(3).  Prince of the power of the air.  Ephesians 2:2

(4).  Prince of this world.  John 14:30 “the prince of this world cometh, and hath                             nothing in me”

(5).  The god of this world.  2 Corinthians 4:4

–  and also Beelzebub (the lord of the flies), the wicked one, dragon…

b).  Personality.

(a).  He is the author of sin.

(b).  He is full of lust, murder, and lies.

John 8:44

Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do.                      He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there                       is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a                            liar, and the father of it.

4).  His Contest – war against God.

a).  He originated sin in himself.

1 John 3:8

He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the                       beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy                    the works of the devil.

b).  He introduced sin –

(1).  To angelic beings.  Matthew 25:41 “…the devil and his angels.”

Revelation 12:7  “…the dragon fought, and his angels.”

(2).  To human beings.  Genesis 3:1-6

c).  He accuses believers.  Job 1,2

Zechariah 3:1

And he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel                  of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him.

d).  He tempts to disobience.  1 Chronicles 21:1,8

1 Chronicles 21:1

And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to                            number Israel.

1 Chronicles 21:8  And David said unto God, I have sinned greatly, because I have                  done this thing: but now, I beseech thee, do away the iniquity of thy servant; for I                     have done very foolishly.

e).  He holds men in bondage.

2 Timothy 2:26

And that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the                          devil, who are taken captive by him at his will.

f).  He attempts to pollute the work of God.  Matthew 13:39  ‘wheat and tares’

g).  He deceives.  2 Cor  11:14     He comes an a ‘angel of light’; 2 Cor 11:3

h).  He blinds the minds of the lost to keep them from being saved.

2 Corinthians 4:3,4; refer to Luke 8:12

i).  He oppresses people with sickness and mental oppression.

Acts 10:38

How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with                       power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the                          devil; for God was with him.

5).  His conqueror

a).  The Lord Jesus  conquered Satan, sin and death on the cross.

John 12:31

Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world                    be cast out.

John 16:11

Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged.

Hebrews 2:14

Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he                  also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy                        him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;

Note: He introduced death, separation from God.

b).  The Lord Jesus will cast  him out of heaven .  Revelation 12:7-10

c).  The Lord Jesus will chain him for a 1000 year period. Revelation 20:1,2

6).  His consequent punishment.

a).  His confession.  Philippians 2:10.

Philippians 2:10

That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in                       heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;

Refer to –

Mark 3:11

And unclean spirits, when they saw him, fell down before him, and                        cried, saying, Thou art the Son of God.

James 2:19

Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also                     believe, and tremble.

b).  His confinement.

Revelation 20:10

And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire                     and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented                       day and night for ever and ever.

Revelation 19:20

And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that                        wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the                      mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive                   into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.

Matthew 25:41

Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me,                 ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:

Satan, the Devil, the Evil One – how do we protect ourselves from him?

The Lord gave us instructions in His Word. –

Be saved

, a child of God.  1 John 4:4  Ye are of God, little children, and have overcome them: because greater is he that is in you, than he that is in the world.

Be right

with the Lord and with one another   2 Corinthians 2:10-11   To whom ye forgive any thing, I forgive also: for if I forgave any thing, to whom I forgave it, for your sakes forgave I it in the person of Christ;  Lest Satan should get an advantage of us: for we are not ignorant of his devices.

Ephesians 4:25-27

Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another. Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath: Neither give place to the devil.

Be aware

of his methods    1 John 2:16  For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.

Be prepared

Ephesians 6:11  Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.

2.  The Acknowledgement.  1:8  of –

a.  Satan’s interest.  “…considered…” (to set one’s heart on)

Luke 22:31

  And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:

      b.  Job’s –

1).  Committment.  “…my servant…”

2).  Character.  Every comment is about his character.  Note that God did not mention                    one thing about material things or physical health! (these are secondary concerns)

3.  The Accusation. 1:9-11

a.  Satan’s understanding.  1:9  (He projects his understanding on others)

1).  Worship may be purchased, even if undeserved.

2).  Worship is desired.  Refer to Matthew 4

a).  The temptation.  Provision, power, position.

b).  The temptation rejected.

Matthew 4:10

  Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

        3).  Worship rewarded – in Job’s case “Doth Job fear God for nought”?


Satan believed that this was not a voluntary expression of love, but a response to the blessings received!

      b.  Satan’s assessment of the situation.  1:10

1).  Satan obviously had considered Job, and carefully!

2).  Satan did not accuse Job of sin (as his friends and wife did, as we shall see), but he                  accused God of purchasing Job’s love and loyalty with –

a).  Protection.

b).  Provision.

c).  Position.


Simply put -God:  Job loves me

Satan: Job loves the benefits that you provide.  This brings forth –

c.  Satan’s challenge. 1:11

1).  Remove Job’s blessings.  “…put forth thine hand now, and touch all that he hath…”

Exodus 3:20

  And I will stretch out my hand, and smite Egypt with all my wonders which I will do in the midst thereof: and after that he will let you go.

          2).  Receive Job’s curse.   “…he will curse thee to thy face.”    He had seen this in –

a).  Cain,  his defiant reply “am I my brother’s keeper?”

b).  King Saul     “…for thou hast rejected the word of the Lord…”  1 Sam 15:26

c).  King Jereboam “…who did sin, and who made Israel to sin.”

d).  King Amon “…but he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord…”

e).  Judas Iscariot

Luke 22:3-4

  Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve. And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him unto them.

Luke 22:48

  But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?

            f).  Demas  2 Timothy 4:2  “For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this

present world…”


This is the pattern of rebellion against the Lord.  When a person does not receive what he believes he deserves, he turns on God.

    4.  The Acceptance of the challenge. 1:12

a.  The response.  “…Behold, all that he hath is in thy power…”

b.  The restrictions.  “…Only upon himself put not forth thine hand.”  See 2 Cor. 12:7

c.  The reaction of Satan.  “He had said “…put forth thine hand now…”  When permission             was granted, he acted immediately.

1 Peter 5:8

  Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:

Conclusion: As we consider the passage, we need to ask ourselves some questions –

1.  Scripture reveals that God knew Job, but are you aware that God knows you?

Matthew 10:29-30

  Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father. But the very hairs of your head are all numbered.

Psalms 44:21

  Shall not God search this out? for he knoweth the secrets of the heart.

2.  Scripture also reveals that Satan knew Job; are you aware that the Devil also knows you?

3.  Are you saved?  You cannot be a servant of God unless you are a child of God.  You have       no protection from Satan unless you are saved!

I am going to give you two questions that have come to our attention today –

1.  Why do you serve god?  Is it as Satan stated: for provision, position, power, wealth,                 health?

2.  Is there anything that could happen in your life that would result in your cursing God?

William Carey (wife’s nervous breakdown); Goforths (5 children died); Elisabeth Eliot;

II.  The Suffering.  Job 1:13-37:24

A.  The First Trial.  1:13-22

1.  The Destruction.  1:13-19

a.  It was sudden.  1:13a  “…and there was a day…”   Unexpected!

1).  Remember that you have an adversary.

2).  We need to be prepared for the unexpected.  How do we prepare?  –

1 Peter 5:6-8

  Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time: Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for you. Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:

2 Timothy 1:12-13

  For the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am not ashamed: for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day. Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus.

      b.  It was staggering.

1).  He lost his possessions. Prosperity

2).  He lost his servants.       Potential.  (He could rebuild with faithful servants)

3).  He lost his children.       Posterity.  Psalm 127:3-5; 128:3,4; Deut. 28:1-4

c.  Satan was relentless in his attack on Job.

Refer to his attack on Jesus. Mk. 1:13; Lk 4:2

1).  The first message

a).  A serious situation but not unheard of in those days.

b).  Respond by pursuing and punishing the attackers and recovering the property.

Note David’s response in 1 Samuel 30:1-6

2).  The second message.

a).  A surprising situation.  Lightening strikes into the ground have killed grazing                           animals.

b).  Again, not unheard of but very unusual for the entire herd to be killed.

3).  The third message.

a). A solemn situation.   The Chaldeans were fierce warriors and were to be feared –

Habakkuk 1:6-10

  For, lo, I raise up the Chaldeans, that bitter and hasty nation, which shall march through the breadth of the land, to possess the dwellingplaces that are not theirs. They are terrible and dreadful: their judgment and their dignity shall proceed of themselves. Their horses also are swifter than the leopards, and are more fierce than the evening wolves: and their horsemen shall spread themselves, and their horsemen shall come from far; they shall fly as the eagle that hasteth to eat. They shall come all for violence: their faces shall sup up as the east wind, and they shall gather the captivity as the sand. And they shall scoff at the kings, and the princes shall be a scorn unto them: they shall deride every strong hold; for they shall heap dust, and take it.

          b).  Concern would be turning into confusion.  “What is going on”?

4).  The fourth message.

a).  A supernatural situation.

b).  Job now realized that he was under the judgment of God –

2.  The Distress.  1:20  Job’s loss resulted in a natural display of grief!

a.  Grieved over his loss.

b.  Grieved over his ignorance as to the reason for the loss.  Why?  He was doing every                 thing that he knew to do!  God testified to Job’s integrity.

“Why is the One I love and serve treating me this way”?

3.  The Dedication.  1:21,22

a.  He proved his trust in God.  1:21

b.  He proved his fear of God. 1:22

He was wise in that he did not accuse God of wrongdoing.

Psalm 111:10 “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom…”

How can we have this faith and devotion, that we might always trust God?

Matthew 22:37

  Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.

You can love your wives and love God, you can love your husbands and love God; you can love your children and love God, you can love your parents and love God- but you should not love them more than God!

We should say – I want to love my wife through you, husband through you, children through you, my family through you.

We should say – I want to live this life for you.  Thank you for giving me all that I have and all that I am.  If you take it away, I will love you.

Can you say this today?

B.  The Second Trial.  Job 2:1-10

1.  The Court.  2:1,2

a.  The second assembly regarding the trial of Job.

b.  Satan questioned about his activities.  Refer to John 14:30  He is still the Adversary!

He blinds the minds of the lost. 2 Cor. 4; He sets traps for the unaware. 2 Tim. 2:26;                He snatches away the Word. Luke 8:12


2.  The Conclusion.  2:3,4

a.  The Accuser lost the contest.

b.  The admission of this loss –

“Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life.”

c.  The attitude of Job: he considered himself blessed.

“Naked came I out of my mother’s womb, and naked shall I return thither: the LORD               gave, and the LORD hath taken away; blessed be the name of the LORD.”

1).  He had his health.

2).  He had his wife.


: Satan lost this trial, but he did not quit; he never quits!

3.  The Challenge increased.  2:5,6

a.  The acknowledgment of power.  Satan needed permission from God to pursue his plan.            Job 2:5a   Satan’s challenge is that the Lord will put forth His hand!

b.  The accusation renewed.    Job 2:5b

c.  The approval given.  Job 2:6   Restricktions apply!

4.  The Condition 2:7,8

a.  The initial description.  Boils – ‘a burning ulceration’.  His entire body was covered.            b.  The increasing agony.

Job 7:2-3

  As a servant earnestly desireth the shadow, and as an hireling looketh for the reward of his work: So am I made to possess months of vanity, and wearisome nights are appointed to me.

Job 7:4-5

  When I lie down, I say, When shall I arise, and the night be gone? and I am full of tossings to and fro unto the dawning of the day. My flesh is clothed with worms and clods of dust; my skin is broken, and become loathsome.

Job 13:14

  Wherefore do I take my flesh in my teeth, and put my life in mine hand?

Job 13:28

  And he, as a rotten thing, consumeth, as a garment that is moth eaten.

Job 16:8

  And thou hast filled me with wrinkles, which is a witness against me: and my leanness rising up in me beareth witness to my face.

Job 16:16

  My face is foul with weeping, and on my eyelids is the shadow of death;

Job 17:1

  My breath is corrupt, my days are extinct, the graves are ready for me.

Job 19:20

  My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.

       c.  The image of suffering.  Job 2:8  Note the reaction of his friends.  Job 2:12,13

    5.  The Common belief.  Job 2:9

      a.  God rewards and protects the righteous.

Genesis 18:25

  That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?

      b.  God reveals the secret sins of man.      Moses wrote of the prevailing belief –

Psalms 90:7-8

  For we are consumed by thine anger, and by thy wrath are we troubled. Thou hast set our iniquities before thee, our secret sins in the light of thy countenance.

      c.  God revenges sin upon man.   Job 4:7,8

      d.  Grief ravaged the mind of Job’s wife.

        1).  She stood with him through tragedy.   When judgment continued –

        2).  She succumbed to the wiles of the Devil.

        3).  She suggested that Job –

          a).  Admit his sin, stop acting innocent!  “…doest thou still retain thine integrity?”

          b).  Curse God and pay the penalty by death.  She was unwittingly supporting Satan in                    his plan.

    6.  The Confidence in God.  2:10

      a.  His comment to his wife.  She was not thinking clearly, not speaking as he was                         accustomed to –

           “…Thou speakest as one of the foolish women speaketh.”

Note:  I say here again that the wife must have faith in God, but it is imperative that she also has faith in her husband’s faith!  The husband must live in such a way that he builds a trusting relationship with his wife.  Situations will come when that trust will be tested!

      b.  His commitment.  Through good times and bad times, he was trusting the Lord.

           Refer to Ephesians 6:12-18

      c.  His confusion.  He did not understand why he was being afflicted.  He believed as the             others did, that affliction was chastisement from God for sin and he did not know what            he had done.

  C.  The Third Trial  2:11-

1.  The Affliction increased.  2:11-13

a.  The presence of Job’s friends.  A lesson to learn!

1).  Their acquaintance with Job.  Job 29:1-25

29:25   A Counsellor, a king,  a comforter   (The person they knew)

2).  Their arrangement.  2:11   To mourn, to comfort.  They had best intentions!

3).  Their astonishment.  2:12,13

4).  Their assessment.  After seeing Job’s circumstances, speaking with his wife and                       neighbors, and noting his personal grief, they agreed that Job was being punished for                some secret sin.

a).  Eliphaz.

(1).  Relied on spiritual revelation through visions.  4:13

(2).  Related his opinion.  4:1-9

b).  Bildad.

(1).  Relied on ‘wise sayings’, a traditionalist.

Tradition showed that God chastised the wicked.  8:8-13

(2).  Related his opinion.  8:3-6, 20

c).  Zophar.

(1).  Relied on legalism.

Zophar is essentially telling Job that it is good that he is being judged in order that he may recognize his sin and that he was actually getting less than he deserved!

           (2).  Related his opinion.  11:2-6; 20:27-29

They assumed that God was limited in His actions and that Job was being justly chastised for sin. There was no other answer and they did not seek the Lord to find out the reason for Job’s suffering.  Prayer was only mentioned in advising Job to repent of his sin and pray for forgiveness. These friends added to Job’s affliction instead of being an encouragement to him and to his wife.  They lent themselves to accomplish the purpose of Satan.

Judgment is necessary and called for in the Scripture, but not self-righteous judgment.

Believer’s need to learn from these men’s error and decide to seek God’s way of consolation  –

      b.  The pattern of consolation.

1).  It is revealed in the words of Jesus.  Matthew 25:35,36

2).  It is revealed in the walk of Jesus.

John 9:1-3

  And as Jesus passed by, he saw a man which was blind from his birth. And his disciples asked him, saying, Master, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind? Jesus answered, Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents: but that the works of God should be made manifest in him.

Luke 7:12-13

  Now when he came nigh to the gate of the city, behold, there was a dead man carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow: and much people of the city was with her. And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her, and said unto her, Weep not.

John 11:21-26

  Then said Martha unto Jesus, Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died. But I know, that even now, whatsoever thou wilt ask of God, God will give it thee. Jesus saith unto her, Thy brother shall rise again. Martha saith unto him, I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection at the last day. Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?

John 11:33-36

  When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping which came with her, he groaned in the spirit, and was troubled, And said, Where have ye laid him? They said unto him, Lord, come and see. Jesus wept. Then said the Jews, Behold how he loved him!

        3).  It is revealed as the will of Jesus.

1 John 3:16-18

  Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren. But whoso hath this world’s good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him? My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth.

            Philippians 2:1-5

Do we love with God’s love?  Are we prepared to rebuke sin? Yet do it not presumptuously without compassion.  Do we understand that God extends mercy as well as judgment and that He is the Judge of all men?

Job’s friends may have had the right motives when they determined to visit him, but upon their arrival, they sat in judgment.  They offered no prayer, no help, no consolation.

Today the plea is to examine our hearts, leave the judgment to God, and determine to minister to others with compassion, without compromise of truth,  through the Love of God and conviction through the Word of God.

c.  The plea of Job.  Job 3:1-26

1).  Self pity.  3:1-19

a).  The state of his life.  Job 3:1

(1).  His examination.    He went from –

(a).  Prosperity to poverty.

(b).  Respected to rejected.

(c).  Saint to sinner.

(2).  His exclamation –  ‘Cursed’ – the word means the absence or reversal of

a blessed or rightful state or of the lowering to a lesser state.

Note that the word ‘curse’ here is a different word than used in 1:11, 2:5 which meant to          ‘bless not’. He is not accusing God of wrongdoing!

b).  The supposed peace of the dead.  Job 3:2-19

Job believed that it would have been better if he had never been born.

The danger of despondency – to stop moving forward.  1 Kings 19:4 Elijah was                         despondent.  Jesus always pressed forward – John 9:4 “I must work the works of Him that        sent me…”

2).  Suffering without hope.  3:20-25

a).  Why does God stop short of death.  3:20-22   ‘hid treasures’ – will give all they                         have in anticipation of finding treasure!

b).  Why does God not reveal His purpose.  3:23

c).  Why does God not accept Job’s sacrifices.  3:24,25  Refer to Job 1:5

3).  Suspected of sin.  3:26

Why have these things come upon Job?  Trouble upon trouble, and now he is suspected of unconfessed sin!

        4).  Separated and in need of comfort.

Job needed help as he waited on the Lord to reveal why He was permitting this trouble.

His friends had intended to comfort but had become accusers because of their wrong thinking. As we look at this affliction on Job, we should be reminded that we also can be in his place.  Remember Psalm 69 that Orlando read to us this morning?  David was in a severe trial and was crying out to God for help.  Affliction up David “… I have found David the son of Jesse, a man after mine own heart…” Acts 13:22

Affliction upon “… my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil?”

Yes, affliction can certainly come on us or those we care for.

How do we deal with it?  –

          a).  For the afflicted – Trust the Lord.

Proverbs 3:5-6

  Trust in the LORD with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding. In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths.

2 Timothy 1:12

  For the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am not ashamed: for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day.

2 Corinthians 4:7-10

  But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us. We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed; we are perplexed, but not in despair; Persecuted, but not forsaken; cast down, but not destroyed; Always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our body.

          b).  For the comforters –

In the last message, we were challenged to examine our hearts, leave the judgment to God, and determine to minister to others with compassion, without compromise of truth,  through the Love of God, and through the Word of God.  Today we want to learn how to do just that. –

            (1).  Exalt the Lord and His promises.

Psalms 27:10

  When my father and my mother forsake me, then the LORD will take me up.

Psalms 139:7

  Whither shall I go from thy spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence?

Matthew 28:20

  …I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

Hebrews 13:5

    … for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee.

            (2).  Examine the heart for unconfessed sin, without accusation, simply                                            acknowledging the possibility.

1 Corinthians 11:31

  For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged.

1 John 1:9

  If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

            (3).  Encourage the afflicted through the Word of God.

James 5:11

  Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.

2 Corinthians 12:7-10

  And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure. For this thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it might depart from me. And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ’s sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.

Romans 8:27-39

We are blessed through the salvation of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.

Have you heard the gospel, have you faith to believe the gospel, have you believed?

If so, you have the Word of God to guide you and for you to give to others

d.  The persistence of Job’s friends.

1).  Eliphaz  Job 22:1-10  Rumours were believed, false accusations were made –

Proverbs 18:8

  The words of a talebearer are as wounds, and they go down into the innermost parts of the belly.  “evil stories find eager listeners”

        2).  Bildad.  Job 25:1  Note 25:4  Rebuked Job for trying to vindicate himself.

3).  Zophar  Job 20:1  Repeated false accusations 20:18,19, 27-29


that they did not believe evil of Job as they arranged to meet and comfort him!

e.  The poignant grief of Job.

1).  His despair.

a).  His prayers were not answered.

b).  He, being righteous, was in affliction.

c).  The wicked seemingly prosper.  Job 21:7-16   This emotion is not unique to Job                       See also –

Psalms 73:2-3

  But as for me, my feet were almost gone; my steps had well nigh slipped. For I was envious at the foolish, when I saw the prosperity of the wicked.

        2).  His determination.  Job 27:1-6  He was not being self-righteous!

3).  His defense.  Job 31:1-6

a).  He was compelled to defend himself which put him in a difficult position.

Proverbs 27:2

  Let another man praise thee, and not thine own mouth; a stranger, and not thine own lips.

Proverbs 25:27

  …so for men to search their own glory is not glory.

2 Corinthians 10:18

  For not he that commendeth himself is approved, but whom the Lord commendeth.

          b).  He should have been commended.

(1).  Note Paul’s defense 2 Corinthians 12:11-13

He ministerd to them and received ridicule instead of respect!

(2).  Note especially Jesus’ and the accusers.  Mark 15:2-14

(a).  The priest did not care whether He was innocent or not.

(b).  The people were willing to believe a lie.

Pilate stated that Jesus was innocent of all accusations brought against Him, that He truly was a righteous man.  Instead of standing for the truth, the people sided with the crowd.  No one stood up for Him with Pilate and agreed that He was innocent.  No one said, “he healed my son, he gave me sight…”

Matthew 27:24-25

When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it. Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.

Likewise, not one person came forward in defense of Job.  This really shows us the power of community.  Job was suffering alone

4).  His desire – to plead his case before the Lord.  Job 23:3-12

5).  His disappointment.  Job 9:33 He had no ‘daysman’ to arbitrate his cause.

Refer to Job 16:21

The believer is so blessed in that we know these truths and we have these promises

John 14:9

“…he that hath seen me hath seen the Father…”

John 10:30

“I and my Father are one.”

We have a ‘Daysman’, One able to arbitrate for us. “Tempted in all points like as we…”

Next week we will see that Job learns that God was with him through the entire trial.  God had not forgotten him  God had not stopped loving him.

Today –

As a believer when in affliction, remember the relationship and the promises of God.

God has not forgotten you.  God has not stopped loving you.

Romans 8:38-39

  For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.

As a believer in service –

A.  Remember the warning of God –

Leviticus 19:16

  Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people: neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neighbour: I am the LORD.

    B.  Remember the promises of God –

Psalms 18:2

  The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower.

III.  The Sentiment of Elihu   Job 32:1 – 37:24

A.  His deference  Job 32:1-10

Leviticus 19:32

  Thou shalt rise up before the hoary head, and honour the face of the old man, and fear thy God: I am the LORD.

Proverbs 16:31

  The hoary head is a crown of glory, if it be found in the way of righteousness.

  B.  His disappointment  Job 32:11-14

1.  In Job because he justified himself instead of glorifying God.

a.  Job had been unjustly accused and was compelled by this to defend himself.

b.  Job’s thoughts were focused on himself instead of God.

2.  In the three elders because they were not able to prove their allegations.  It was just talk!

C.  His desire.  Job 32:15-22   He was anxious to share his opinion! Note 32:18-20

D.  His determination.  Job 33:1-37:24

1.  Job was wrong in his conclusion.  33:8-12

2.  Job’s words should be examined.  34:34-37

3.  Job should listen to Elihu’s justification of God  35:2

Elihu was neither condemned nor commended by God for his discourse with Job.  An interesting circumstance is that Elihu seems to recognize the supernatural aspect of the approaching storm – Job 36:26-29; 37:1-5, 14-16

       After some months –

IV.  The Silence is Broken.  Job 38:1-41:34

A.  God’s reproof of Job.  Job 38:1 – 40:2

1.  The appearance of God.  Job 38:1  The vision of God is wonderous –

Exodus 19:16

  And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled.

Ezekiel 1:28

  As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness round about. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. And when I saw it, I fell upon my face, and I heard a voice of one that spake.

    2.  The audience with God is granted.  Job 38:2,3    Job had said –

Job 9:34-35

  Let him take his rod away from me, and let not his fear terrify me: Then would I speak, and not fear him; but it is not so with me.

Job 13:3

  Surely I would speak to the Almighty, and I desire to reason with God.

         God spoke and –

3.  Answers from Job are demanded.  38:4 – 40:2

B.  Job’s regret.  Job 40:3-5       Job knew that he was wrong –

Job 31:35-37

  Oh that one would hear me! behold, my desire is, that the Almighty would answer me, and that mine adversary had written a book. Surely I would take it upon my shoulder, and bind it as a crown to me.  I would declare unto him the number of my steps; as a prince would I go near unto him.

          He now says –

1.  “A prince” – “I am vile”

2.  “I would declare unto him…”  “Once have I spoken, but I will not answer…”

Note: Recognition of sin and repentence of sin are related, but are not the same.  Mere recognition, or even admitting sin, stops short of repentence.

  C.  God’s response – continued correction.  Job 40:6 – 41:34   Refer to Job 40:6-8

God did not settle for regret!  He never does.

Proverbs 28:13

  He that covereth his sins shall not prosper: but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercy.

Psalms 51:16-17

  For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give it: thou delightest not in burnt offering. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

Do you take the doctrine of God lightly.

Do you suggest to God how things should be done?

Do you read His Word and ignore that which you do not agree with?

Do you feel sorry for sin but you do not forsake it?

Admit this sin before to the Lord and turn from it, determining to obey Him in all things!  Obey even the things you may not understand yet and trust Him to teach you as your grown in Him.

V.  The Satisfaction of God’s Righteousness.  42:1-17

A.  Repentance.  42:1-6

1.  Job – a righteous man.  Why did he suffer?  The question to be anwered.

a.  What did he suffer?

1).  Loss of posessions.

2).  Loss of his beloved children

3).  loss of health

4).  loss of respect.

a).  of his wife

b).  of his friends

c).  of his community

5).  Loss of fellowship wih God.

b.  How did he suffer?  In confusion and complaint.

c.  How did he respond?

1).  With regret  Job 40:3-5  God does not accept regret!

2).  In repentence.  42:1-6,  Note vs. 6

When visited by the presence of God, Job’s suffering faded from his mind.

Why?   Was his suffering replaced by joy?  No

All of the things that were constantly on his mind, afflicting him, causing him suffering and shame – the loss of his family, his possessions, his health, his repect – all of these things faded from his mind.  He did not speak of these things to God, not one word!

His suffering was replaced by repentence!  Job found that God is all in all.  He is the Beginning and the End.  Life was no longer about Job,  Life is about God!

He was an upright man.  He was a righteous man.  He did hate and avoid evil.  But his peace, joy, strength, confidence wer based on the blessings that God had supplied.  When the blessings were removed –  He retained his integrity, and we appreciate him for that,  but he lost his joy, his strength, his purpose in life.

B.  Restoration.  42:7-17

1.  Reputation.

2.  Property

3.  Family

To answer the question – Why did he suffer?

Job was a righteous man who suffered for the glory of God.  Job learned to give God the glory when he endured suffering for a season.

These things were written for our learning.  Job was an early patriarch and the saints through the ages have been able to learn from him.

Look at David as he escaped from the wrath of King Saul, unjustly accused of conspiricy against the kingdom, and all this knowing that he was the annointed king.  Daniel thrown into the den of lions for lifting up supplications to God. Paul and Silas singing from the depths of the dungeon after being publicly humiliated and thrown into prison – and countless multitudes since.  James encourages us to find strength to endure affliction through the testimony of Job.

James 5:10-11  Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience. Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.

Today, do you know that God is all in all.  Is He all in all to you.  Is He the Beginning and the End for you in your life?

About sjbjburke

I am an evangelist that enjoys Bible study and I look forward to posting outlines and receiving helpful comments. My wife and I celebrated our 40th wedding anniversary in 2010 and we enjoy serving the Lord together.
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